The Food and Agriculture industry is composed of interrelated subsectors of farms, food processing and storage entities and restaurants. In addition to supplying food crops and livestock consumed by the population, businesses also depend on the sector for industrial crops such as cotton, sugarcane and tobacco.
The industry regularly faces shortages due to increasingly unpredictable climates, growing world demand and loss of farmland for residential and industrial purposes. ICT offers a number of solutions to alleviate the problems:
- Computer systems for monitoring environmental and soil conditions, and automated machinery allow for better management of water, seeds and fertilizers
- Mobile apps and web platforms provide farmers with information on new techniques, market conditions and partnership opportunities
- Restaurants are better equipped to track their inventories of perishable food products as well as trace the origins of foodborne illnesses with the aid of RFID tagging systems