A robust transportation sector is vital to any economy, being responsible for the movement of people and goods.
The transportation industry manages four main modes of transport:
- By land, an efficient highway infrastructure works in conjunction with a public transport system of buses and trains to provide varied means for daily commute and movement of goods
- By sea, maritime authorities manage the inflow and outflow of vessel traffic at ports situated along coastlines and inland waterways
- By air, the aviation subsector consisting of airports, airlines and air control authorities facilitate the operations of the tourism industry, cargo and postage shipping and military activity
- By pipelines, clean and waste water, natural gas and hazardous liquids are distributed and received via these pipelines
The 21st century transportation sector leverages modern ICT to organise the vast volume of international and domestic traffic. Following the air disasters involving Malaysian Airlines Flights 370 and 17, the need for communication systems in the aviation sector to be upgraded has grown more urgent, with data-streaming and real-time tracking systems as some of the ICT measures suggested to improve air transport safety.
ICT is also extensively utilised in managing traffic on our roads: real-time monitoring and advisory technologies allows traffic to be redirected in the event of accidents and road closures, reducing the likelihood of congestion. Some public buses are fitted with GPS-tracking systems to allow commuters to view estimated arrival times, enhancing the customer experience.